He helped in spreading Shia Islam in Kashmir and converted the overwhelming majority of Muslims in Baltistan to his school of thought.  The penultimate king of Zhangzhung is said to have been from Ladakh. You can witness a lot of cultural programs throughout the day and end the evening with a well-organized feast. Geologists, sportsmen, and tourists began exploring Ladakh. Contemporary Ladakh borders Tibet to the east, the Lahaul and Spiti regions to the south, the Vale of Kashmir, Jammu and Baltiyul regions to the west, and the southwest corner of Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass in the far north. ), Halkias, Georgios (2009) "Until the Feathers of the Winged Black Raven Turn White: Sources for the Tibet-Bashahr Treaty of 1679–1684", in. The glacier lies between the Saltoro Ridge immediately to the west and the main Karakoram Range to the east. As its culture and history are closely related to that of Tibet, it is known as the "Little Tibet". When the legislative assembly called Praja Sabha was established in 1934, Ladakh was given two nominated seats in the assembly. About 84% of Ladakh's population lives in villages. . Dates to be announced. Ladakh ("land of high passes ") is a region in northern India. The earliest layer in the population of Ladakh probably comprised the Dardi. , Indus river flowing in the Ladakh region is endowed with vast hydropower potential. There are a handful of private news outlets. Weaving is an important part of traditional life in eastern Ladakh. The Tibetan sand fox has been discovered in this region. Avec 15 000 km² d’aires protégées, le Ladakh est devenu un haut lieu de la protection de la biodiversité en Inde. The first glimpse of political history is found in the kharosthi inscription of "Uvima Kavthisa" discovered near the K'a-la-rtse (Khalatse) bridge on the Indus, showing that in around the 1st century, Ladakh was a part of the Kushan Empire.  Until 2019, Ladakh was a region of the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. Some of the high alpine species like Aquilegia sp, Delphinium sp, Juniperus sp, Rosa sp, etc; are used in the religious rituals, monasteries and several other purposes in Ladakh.  The endangered Tibetan antelope, known as chiru in Indian English, or Ladakhi tsos, has traditionally been hunted for its wool (shahtoosh) which is a natural fibre of the finest quality and thus valued for its light weight and warmth and as a status symbol. The animal is often persecuted by farmers whose crops are allegedly damaged by it. Historically, the region included the Baltistan (Baltiyul) valleys (now mostly in Pakistani administered part of Kashmir), the entire upper Indus Valley, the remote Zanskar, Lahaul and Spiti to the south, much of Ngari including the Rudok region and Guge in the east, Aksai Chin in the northeast, and the Nubra Valley to the north over Khardong La in the Ladakh Range. Leh Ladakh. Pakistani troops were evicted from the Indian side of the Line of Control which the Indian government ordered was to be respected and which was not crossed by Indian troops. Before 1993, students were taught in Urdu until they were 14, after which the medium of instruction shifted to English. China’s moves in Ladakh and the South China Sea are based on a historical construct. The majority of people are Buddhist by faith. King Tashi Namgyal (1555–1575) managed to repel most Central Asian raiders, and built a royal fort on the top of the Namgyal Peak. 2. Since past few years the Indian Air Force has been operating AN-32 air courier service to transport the locals during the winter seasons to Jammu, Srinagar and Chandigarh. Travel Guide; Festivals in Ladakh; Galdan Namchot Festival. Ladakh was claimed as part of Tibet by Phuntsok Wangyal, a Tibetan Communist leader. Its eastern edge, the cold, high-altitude desert region of Ladakh, borders China on one side and Pakistan on the other and is home to the world’s only three-way, nuclear-armed junction. Lying between the Kunlun mountain range in the north and Himalayas to the south, Ladakh was originally inhabited by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent.  Traditionally there was little or nothing by way of formal education except in the monasteries. Each district within the new union territory will continue to elect an autonomous district council as done previously. Each district within the union territory continues to elect an autonomous district council as done previously. Located at the crossroads of important trade routes since … Chhupri is one of the best food items in Leh Ladakh and this marvellous food is easily available in the main market area, where vendors even sell it on the roadside street shops.  The eastern end, consisting of the uninhabited Aksai Chin plains, is claimed by the Indian Government as part of Ladakh, and has been under Chinese control since 1962. Its population declined precipitously in the last century due to indiscriminate shooting by hunters along the Leh-Srinagar highway. Most of the people are pastoralist. This is one of the most breathtakingly beautiful parts of the state and its surreal landscape has often been termed as "moonscape". It had three tehsils, based at Leh, Skardu and Kargil. The Indian government highlighted in Parliament that 38,000 sq km of Indian territory was under Chinese occupation which included parts in Ladakh and Arunachal Pradesh but emphasized that and the entire region would remain an inalienable part of India, reports the Times of India. Jammu and Kashmir, Indian territory located in the northern part of India in the vicinity of the Karakoram and westernmost Himalayan mountain ranges. Though the region is a remote hilly area without all-weather roads, the area is also rich in limestone deposits to manufacture cement from the locally available cheap electricity for various construction needs. In the 8th century, Ladakh was involved in the clash between Tibetan expansion pressing from the East, and Chinese influence exerted from Central Asia through the passes. Muslim and Hindu constitute the thin minorities. The advance continued. About occupation of people in Ladakh, 90% of them depend on agriculture based on the Indus River for their livelihood.  Little, however is known about the early kings of Nyima-Gon's dynasty.   : 1,3  : 7 The Ladakhi Chronicles are one of only two surviving pre-19th century literary sources from Ladakh, with the other being the 1663 biography of sTag-ts'ah-ras-pa. [b], Rock carvings found in many parts of Ladakh indicate that the area has been inhabited from Neolithic times. Natural vegetation commonly seen along watercourses includes seabuckthorn (Hippophae spp. Agriculture is the backbone of the district economy as it engage over 70% of the working force mostly as cultivators, agricultural laborers, livestock and Tourism has won a wide recognition as an important industry in the district in view of its potential for creation of employment opportunities and generation of income on a large scale. Ladakh has the population of Mongoloid race. , Under the terms of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, Ladakh is administered as a union territory without a legislative assembly or elected government. Traditionally, they led a nomadic pastoral life. She was to be the first queen and her son was to become the next ruler. Since the early 1960s the number of immigrants from Tibet (including Changpa nomads) have increased as they flee the occupation of their homeland by the Chinese. Festivals are in fact the best way to get a feel of the Ladakhi culture. The bharal or blue sheep is the most abundant mountain ungulate in the Ladakh region, although it is not found in some parts of Zangskar and Sham areas. The first West Tibetan dynasty of Maryul founded by Palgyigon lasted five centuries, being weakened towards its end by the conquests of the Mongol/Mughal noble Mirza Haidar Dughlat. The massifs to the north and east of the Nubra–Siachen line include the Apsarasas Group (highest point at 7,245 m or 23,770 ft) the Rimo Muztagh (highest point at 7,385 m or 24,229 ft) and the Teram Kangri Group (highest point at 7,464 m or 24,488 ft) together with Mamostong Kangri (7,526 m or 24,692 ft) and Singhi Kangri (7,202 m or 23,629 ft). 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